Facts about Nepal: A complete Overview

Officially called the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Capital: Kathmandu

Official Language: Nepali

Regional Languages: Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu and other 100 different indigenous languages.

Time zone: 5 hrs 45 min ahead of GMT

Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NR)

International Calling Code: +977

Only Hindu Country in the world

Recognized worldwide as the Country of Mt. Everest Worlds highest peak

Divided into 5 Regions and 14 zones

National Calendar: The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Phalgun, Chaitra.

Official Weekly Holiday: Saturday

Kingdom Declared: 12 December 1768 (By Prithvi Narayan Shah, First king of Nepal)

State Declared: 15 January 2007

Republic Declared: 28 May 2008

National Anthem: “Made of Hundreds of Flowers”

National Bird: Danphe

National Flower: the spectacular rhododendron ‘Guras’ in Nepali

Area Total: 140,800 km2, Area Land: 136,800 km2

Water (%): 2.8

Land use: arable land: 17%, permanent pastures: 15%

forests and woodland: 42%

Current GDP (PPP) Total: $34.880 Billion (Estimate Census 2010)

GDP (PPP) per Capita: $1,237(Estimate Census 2010)

GDP (Nominal) Total: $14.721 Billion (Estimate Census 2010)

GDP (Nominal) Per Capita: $522 (Estimate Census 2010)

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Geography: landlocked; strategic location between India and escolhasegura Chinese-occupied Tibet; extremely diverse terrain ranging from fertile plains and broad valleys to containing eight of the world’s ten highest peaks.

Climate: Nepal has a climate that ranges from subtropical summers with mild winters in the southern lowlands to an alpine climate with cool summers as well as severe winters in the mountains. Average annual precipitation decreases from 1,778 mm (70 inches) in the east to 899 mm (35 inches) in the west.